Patience Khutbah (Sabr)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sabr – The true characteristic of a Muslim

All praises are due to Allah; we seek his aid and his assistance, and ask his forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls and from the evil of our actions.

Whomever Allah guides, no one will be able to able to mislead him. Whomever he leads astray, nobody can guide him. And I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, having no partners. And I bear witness that Muhammad, SAW, the seal of the prophets, is his slave and messenger.

Ya ‘IbadAllaah, the topic of today’s khutbah, is one that is closely linked to the khutbahs that were delivered by our brothers in the previous weeks. It is closely linked to the khutbah about Tawakul ‘alallaah – Reliance in Allaah, and Istiqaamah – Steadfastness in the deen.

The topic is regarding the true characteristic of a Muslim.

It is regarding this characteristic that Ali Ibn Abi Talib RA has said ‘that this characteristic in relation to Eemaan is like the relation of the head to the body…if the head is chopped off then the body becomes useless. Certainly, the one who has not got this characteristic has no Eemaan, and this characteristic is like a riding beats that never gets tired’. (weak narration)

This characteristic is none other than the characteristic of Patience.

Patience, Ya Ikhwaan, at times of calamity, patience at times of adversity, patience at times of trials and tribulations, patience at the time of afflictions..Patience at times when you feel that something is eating away at your heart.

Patience is something that is becoming a rarity in society today. It is slowly fading away from the hearts of the Muslims. We become impatient at frivolous situations, at trivial matters.

Ibn Qayyum Al Jawziyyah RHM he mentions in one of his works, that patience is a condition of Jannah:

Allaah says in the Qur’aan: Surah Al Mu’minun Chapter 23 Verse 111

“I have rewarded them this day for their patience and constancy (patience): they

are indeed the ones that have achieved Bliss…”

The word constancy here refers to how one continuously remained patience. Such will be the people who will enter Jannah and be saved from the Naar.

May Allaah makes amongst those people who are rewarded with Jannah and saved from the fire …Ameen

It is from the consensus of the Ahlul-‘Ilm that patience is obligatory upon every believer. It is half of one’s faith. Yes, it is hard to keep patient in every situation. But, know that great success lies within patience. The Prophet SAW said in hadeeth recorded in Bukhari and Muslim from Abû Sa’îd al-Khudrî (RA) that “No-one can be given a better and more abundant gift than patience’’.

Allaah tells us that we will face calamities and we will face problems. He says in the Qur’aan:

وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوفْ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الأَمَوَالِ وَالأنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٥٥﴾ الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُواْ إِنَّا لِلّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعونَ

Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere,

Those who, when afflicted with a calamity they utter the phrase: “To Allah We belong, and to Him is our return’’

It is a common misconception today, that we will only utter the phrase (innAllaha aw inna ilayhi raaji’oon) at the time of death. Yes, this is permitted however; we should not only restrict ourselves to saying this at the time when a person dies. The word used is ‘مُّصِيبَةٌ’

-Calamity, misfortunes. It is reported from A’ishah RA that the prophet SAW uttered this phrase when the lamp went off at night. Our Mother A’ishah she asked the Prophet SAW: Ya Rasulullaah, is this also a calamity?.. Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu alayhi wa’sallam replied, “Yes. Whatever hurts or causes difficulty to a Muslim is a calamity and on bearing it patiently, it carries Allah’s promise of reward.”

Unfortunately, this phrase is slowly fading away from the tongues of the Muslims. In fact, at the time of the death of a loved one, many people, and especially our womenfolk, they do not adhere to the commands of Allaah ta’ala and the teachings of our prophet Muhammad SAW. This is very dangerous. The prophet SAW was describing the day of judgement to his companions and he mentioned a very scary situation. He said ‘You will find some women on that day who have this Jilbab, this covering on their body. This is not the same as the jilbabs our sisters wear today. The prophet SAW described this clothing by stating that is made from (La’natullaah) the curse of Allaah ta’ala. This is something amazing, we cannot comprehend but, Allaah is competent and is able to do this. The prophet SAW went on to say that these women will also be wearing a cloak/head covering – dir’um- minan naar…made from the fire. This head covering will be sewn by the fire. Wallaahi, this is very scary. She will be in mad state and she will place her hands on her head and she will be screaming. Who is this person Ya Rasulullaah?…Who is this person who is made to suffer such a frightening experience. The prophet SAW said this person is ‘An-Naa-ihah’…This person is a weeper. These people they strike their cheeks, pull their hair out, and they shout ‘Woe to me, Woe to me’…Such people will face such a tremendous punishment. Yes, we are permitted to let the tears flow because Allaah knows we are weak. However, we cannot transgress out limits. Why….because when one acts in such a manner, he/she is not upset at the loss of a loved one, but, rather this expresses disapproval of what Allaah decreed. This is why the Ahlul ‘Ilm, they advise us, that when a brother is writing his will, he writes down that ‘my women are not allowed to wail and cry’..because this causes grief for the deceased. We have to practice patience at the time of death. May Allaah make us of those who are saved from such a punishment..Ameen.

To conclude the first part of the khutbah, I leave you with advice from the scholars of how to achieve patience during difficult times.

1. thinking of the good reward that lies ahead. The more you believe in the rewards that

are waiting for you, the easier it becomes to have patience. If it were not for the

anticipation of the rewards, no goals or objectives pertaining to this life or the hereafter

would have been achieved.

2. Expecting and hoping for a time of ease. This hope in itself offers a measure of

immediate relief;

3. thinking of Allah’s countless blessings. When we realize that we cannot count the

blessings of Allaah because it is so great in number, it becomes easier for us to exercise patience in facing the adversity.

Allaah says in Surah Nahl Verse 18 that if you would count the blessings of Allaah; you will never be able to count them…Truly Allaah is oft-forgiving and most merciful.

Take the example of your eyelashes, Scientists today have said that without eyelashes the risk of eye damage increases greatly because it will allow dust and small objects in the air to enter the eye. Once we contemplate upon this we realise, this difficulty is nothing but a raindrop compared to vast ocean of Allaah’s blessings and favours;

4. Thinking of previous blessings of Allaah. This will remind us of Allaah’s care, and

strengthen our hopes and expectations of a time of ease to come.

May Allaah give us the Tawfique to practice patience.

___________________________________________________________________________

Once an enemy ; he slapped Imam Abu Hanifah RHM across the face. The imams response to this is amazing. His reflected patience, it reflected Tawakul-‘alallaah and it reflected steadfastness upon the deen and upon the Quran & Sunnah. The Imaam he responded with words of gold, with words of wisdom and humility. He replied: If I wanted then I could slap you in the manner you slapped me, but I will not do so. If I wanted then I could report you to the khalifah, but I will not do so. I could invoke Allaah to take action against you at the time of Tahajjud, but I will not do so. I can ask for justice on the day of judgement, but I will not do so. But, I assure you that if I receive my record in my right hand and my intercession is accepted, then I assure you that I will not enter Jannah without you. This was the patience, the Tawakul ‘alallaah and the steadfastness upon the deen practiced by Imam Abu Hanifah RHM.

Umm Salamah RA; when her husband passed away, she thought to herself ‘Who is better than the my husband, Abu Salamah RA? He was the first to migrate to the Prophet SAW…However, she bore the death of her husband with patience..she remembered to say ‘Inna Lillaahi Wa Inna Ilyhi Raji’oon…and Allaah decreed for her something better…Allaah decreed that the prophet Muhammad SAW ask for her hand in marriage…and so, she married the prophet Muhammad SAW … the best of men

And lastly, I conclude by sharing the famous story of ‘Urwah Ibn Al-Zubayr RHM. He was once going on a journey with his son, Muhammad to visit the Khalifah at that time – Al Walid Ibn ‘Abdul Malik. . His son, Muhammad was known to be very handsome. He dressed in fine clothes and he braided his hair. The Khalifah he saw him and he said ‘This is how the young people of Quraysh look’ and as a result, he put the evil eye on him. Before, they went back to their home, Muhammad he fell ill and eventually passed away after being trampled on by horses. His father ‘Urwah, then suffered from Gangrene on his leg. Gangrene is when a part of the body decays as a result of dead tissues in the body. It can cause the area infected to turn black or green and also, may cause a foul smell to arise. However, ‘Urwah he remained patience and the doctors told him that they will have to amputate his leg in order to stop the decay spreading. At that time, they had no anaesthetic and no professional medical equipment that we are used to today. They used a saw to amputate his leg. As soon as the saw reached his bone, he fainted. Once he regained his consciousness, he was sweating profusely and he was repeating ‘La Ilaha Ill-Allaah, Allaahu Akbar. When the operation was over, he picked up his leg, kissed it and said ‘I swear by the one who gave me you to utilise, I never used to walk to a place of wrong-action or a place where Allaah prohibits me from being in. He then gave instructions that the leg should be washed, perfumed and wrapped in a cloth and buried.

‘Urwah then set to Madinah where, he would be greeted by his friends and family on the outskirts of Madina. He refused to enter Madinah because he said that the people there will either take amusement over his affliction or they will feel envious for blessings. So, he went to stay in a place in Al-Aqiq. ‘Isa Ibn Talhah came to visit him and consoled him. He said ‘May your enemies fathers perish. Thereafter, he consoled him even more by saying, Allaah has saved most of you, he has given you sanity, he has given you a tongue, he has given you eyesight, he has given you your 2 hands and one of your 2 legs. ‘Urwah remarked at ‘Isa’s kindness and said ‘No one has consoled me as you have’‘Urwah then set to Madinah where, he would be greeted by his friends and family on the outskirts of Madina. He refused to enter Madinah because he said that the people there will either take amusement over his affliction or they will feel envious for blessings. So, he went to stay in a place in Al-Aqiq. ‘Isa Ibn Talhah came to visit him and consoled him. He said ‘May your enemies fathers perish. Thereafter, he consoled him even more by saying, Allaah has saved most of you, he has given you sanity, he has given you a tongue, he has given you eyesight, he has given you your 2 hands and one of your 2 legs. ‘Urwah remarked at ‘Isa’s kindness and said ‘No one has consoled me as you have’

When the doctors came to perform the operation, they had asked ‘Urwah to drink some intoxicants to ease the pain. But, as a person who remained content with what Allaah had decreed, he replied ‘Allaah is testing me, to see the extent of my patience. How could I go against his commands?

Jannah Khutbah

You find that in this dunya, this world, that mankind has no direction, that mankind is misguided. Then Allah out of His Eternal, Uncomparable mercy gave mankind Prophet after Prophet, Messenger after Messenger, to live life the best way possible. And you find that people followed these Prophets, these Messengers seeking the most fruitful life in this world and the next. On their journey, like everyone else’s journey they became complacent in their following and became deceived by this life. So it was the Sunnah of Allah to remind mankind of the repellent to such things. The repellent to such heedlessness, to such complacency, to such deception.

The repellent that developed such great examples for mankind that one would give up all the pleasures of life just to meet them. From the likes of Abu Bakr, Umar, Aisha, Abu Hurayrah and many others.

98:8

‘Their reward with their Lord is ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, Allah Well-Pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears his Lord.’ (Surah Bayyinah:8)

The repellent of seeking Jannah, seeking Paradise and seeking to see Allah’s Face.

My dear brothers and sisters, Jannah is the fruit of a seed planted in this dunya; it is the retirement package that you save up in all your years of work.

O Worshippers of Allah! O Followers of the Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa salam)! O People of the Best Nation! Allah, Subhanhu wa Ta’ala gives glad tiding of paradise and He has promised Gardens of Eternity. Allah has promised such delights that no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no mind has imagined.

32:17

And no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for what they used to do. (Surah Sajdah:17)

“And if you ask about its ground and its soil, then it is of musk and saffron.

Its roof is the Throne of the Most Merciful. Its rocks are pearls and jewels. Its buildings are made of bricks of gold and silver. Its trees have trunks made of gold and silver. The fruits are softer than butter and sweeter than honey. Its leaves, then they are softer than the softest cloth.
Its rivers are rivers of milk who’s taste does not change, and rivers of wine that is delicious to those who drink it, and rivers of honey that is pure, and rivers of water that is fresh.
The food is fruits from whatever they will choose, and the meat of whatever birds they desire. Life would be so easy that if you see a bird you want to eat flying, then it would fall and be BBQ’d for you. The inhabitants will have horses made from emeralds and pearls that fly and go around with you.
The drinking cups are crystal-clear, made of gold and silver.
And if you ask about its vastness, then the lowest of its people would have within his kingdom and walls and palaces and gardens the distance that would be travelled in a thousand years.

Its tents is like a concealed pearl that is sixty miles long. Every believer will have four doors for his house; the first one for angels to visit him, the second for the Hoor Al-‘Ayn, the third door will be a closed door between him and the hellfire to remind him of the blessing he is in and the last door is between him and darus salam which he will go through to meet Allah.

Their towers are rooms above rooms in buildings that have rivers running underneath them.

And if you ask about the clothing of its inhabitants, then they are of silk and gold.

The faces of its inhabitants and their beauty, then they are like the image of the Moon.

And they will be hearing the singing of their wives from among the Hoor al-‘Ayn, and better than that are the voices of the Angels and the Prophets, and better than that is the Speech of the Lord of the Worlds.
They will have young boys as servants who resemble scattered pearls.

And if you ask about their brides and wives, then they are young and full-breasted and have the liquid of youth flowing through their limbs; the Sun runs along the beauty of her face, light shines from between her teeth if she smiles; he sees his face in the roundness of her cheek as if he is looking into a polished mirror, and he sees the brightness from behind her muscles and bones;

If she were to be unleashed upon the World, she would fill what is between the Heavens and the Earth with a beautiful wind, and the mouths of the creation would glorifiy, praise, and exclaim greatness, and everything between the East and the West would be adorned for her, and every eye would be shut from everything but her, and the light of the Sun would be outshone just as the light of the Sun outshines the stars, and everyone on the face of the Earth would believe in Allah.
And the covering on her head is better than the World and all that is in it, just like her covering in this world. And she does not increase with age except in beauty; free from an umbilical cord, childbirth and menses, and pure of mucous, saliva, urine and other filthy things; her youth never fades, her clothing is never worn out, no garment can be created that matches her beauty, and no one who is with her can ever become bored; her attention is restricted to her husband, so she desires none but him, just as his attention is restricted to her so she is the sole object of his desire, and he is with her in utmost safety and security, as none has touched her before of either humans or Jinn. (excerpt from Haadi al-Arwaah ilaa Bilaad il-Afraah by Ibn al-Qayyim, pg. 193) http://www.kalamullah.com/paradise.html

And the most beautiful woman for a man is the wife he had in this life. For she will be the Queen of the Hoor Al-‘Ayn, and they will her maidens, for she is more deserving of more beauty than them.

Second Khutbah

In Jannah, you will meet people you’ve always wanted to meet or those you miss….family members, great scholars, revivers, angels,…Prophets…..Messengers. But Ibn ul Qayyim mentions from a compilation of Ahadith, about the greatest of meetings, the happiest moment one would ever experience.

‘On the day that the caller will call: ‘O People of Paradise! Your Lord – Blessed and Exalted – requests you to visit Him, so come to visit Him!’ So they will say: ‘We hear and obey!’

Until, when they finally reach the wide valley where they will all meet – and none of them will turn down the request of the caller.

The Lord – Blessed and Exalted – will order His Chair to be brought there. Then, pulpits of light will emerge, as well as pulpits of pearls, gemstone, gold, and silver. The lowest of them in rank will sit on sheets of musk, and will not see what those who are on the chairs above them are given.

When they are comfortable where they are sitting and are secure in their places, and the caller calls: ‘O People of Paradise! You have an appointment with Allaah in which He wishes to reward you!’ So they will say: ‘And what is that reward? Has He not already made our faces bright, made our scales heavy, entered us into Paradise, and pushed us away from the Fire?’

And when they are like that, all of a sudden a light shines that encompasses all of Paradise. So, they raise their heads, and, behold: the Compeller – Exalted is He, and Holy are His Names – has come to them from above them and majestified them and said: ‘O People of Paradise! Peace be upon you!’

So, this greeting will not be responded to with anything better than:

‘O Allaah! You are Peace, and from You is Peace! Blessed are You, O possessor of Majesty and Honor!’

So the Lord – Blessed and Exalted – will laugh to them and say: ‘O People of Paradise! Where are those who used to obey Me without having ever seen Me? This is the Day of Increase!’

So, they will all give the same response: ‘We are pleased, so be pleased with us!’ So, He will say: ‘O People of Paradise! If I were not pleased with you, I would not have made you inhabitants of My Paradise! So, ask of Me!’ So, they will all give the same response: ‘Show us your Face so that we may look at it!’ So, the Lord – Mighty and Majestic – will remove his covering and will majestify them and will cover them with His Light, which, if Allaah – the Exalted – had not Willed not to burn them, would have burned them.

And there will not remain a single person in this gathering except that his Lord – the Exalted – will speak to him and say:

Do you remember the day that you did this and that?’ and He will remind him of some of his bad deeds in the Worldy life, so he will say:

‘O Lord! Will you not forgive me?’ So, He will say: ‘Of course! You have not reached this position of yours (in Paradise) except by my forgiveness.’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KEnDe_23II4

Know that whoever loves the meeting with Allah, Allah too, loves the meeting with him, and whoever hates the meeting with Allah, Allah too, hates the meeting with him. But know that you have to fulfil the causes to earn Allah’s Love or Anger. And the way to Allah’s Love is through worshipping Him Alone, through obedience. Everytime a person is sincere in their supplication, Allah loves him more. The qualities of those who deserve the glad tidings of Jannah are those who try to please Allah according to the Sunnah. Those who do not break family ties, ties with their brothers and sisters. Those who do not split up the Ummah but rather keep them as one.

Ask yourself every moment of your life …if you were to die in that state, would you be pleased? Would Allah be pleased with you? Would you be pleased to meet Allah in such a state?

How sad it is that when someone passes away, we cry, humble ourselves, turn to Allah for a little while, making promises never to turn back to our disgusting, pitiful, old ways. But when the heart is dead, and the mind is away from Allah, there is not a single tear in sight, not a single turn to Allah.

You find the story of a pious man who wanted to teach his owner a lesson. The master told him one day to plant wheat. The slave took the opportunity and went and collected seeds of barley and planted them instead. As the season drew near, the master was enraged to see that after all this work and time; the slave had planted the wrong seed. In his thrashing rage, he scolded the slave saying, “Why did you do this?”

The righteous slave said, “I had hoped that the barley seeds would come out as wheat.”

The master said, “How can you plant barley seeds and expect it to come out as wheat?”

The slave stopped and said quietly, “How can you disobey Allah and expect for His bounteous mercy? How can you openly challenge his deen and hope for Jannah.”

When we contemplate on our behaviour, do we really think we are worthy of Jannah? Can many of us even call ourselves human? Or are we like those animals that follow nothing but their desires? Many of us talk about change, debate about change, about how we need to do this for the Ummah and that for the Ummah, yet we can’t even change ourselves. Many people know the ins and outs of various sciences, yet they’re devoid of essential knowledge needed for everyday life. Who are you going to help if you can’t even help yourself?

What is one of the main preventions to such a thing? Allah mentions in Surah Kahf. He mentions about a dog. A dog that guarded and accompanied the pious youth, when they took refuge in a cave.

‘…while their dog stretched his forelegs at the entrance.’ Surah Kahf (18:18)

We find that this animal is mentioned in the most Noblest of Books, that it is mentioned by the Most Beautiful of Speech of (Al-‘A’la) the Most High, (Al-Aleem) The All-Knowing, (Al-Hakeem) The All-Wise, (As-Sami)The All-Hearing, (Al-Baseer) The All-Seeing, Allah. This dog is honoured, his story preserved and mentioned from the time of the Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa salam) until the Day of Resurrection, because of the companions he kept. This is the dignity given to a dog because of his companions….Many of us don’t even accompany the same gender let alone the right company.

O upholders of this Ummah! I advise you to fast much as the days are short and the best fasting after Ramadaan is the month of Muharram which we are in.  Good deeds bring greater reward in this month. It is also best to fast on the Day of Ashura next week, which is also in the week of the shortest days of the year.

I advise you to pray the night prayer as the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer and many of us are awake for it at about 1 o’clock. This is the time when Allah descends to the lowest heaven in the last 3rd of the night. What harm would praying even 2 rakah do?

It has been reported by the righteous predecessors that ‘When Allah chooses good for a person He opens the door to action for him, and closes the door to argumentation; and when Allah chooses evil for a person he opens the door for argumentation and closes the door to action’.

Time Khutbah

Brothers, there is a surah in the Qur’an. A surah that many of us know…many of us have memorised. A surah that is short in its words but powerful in its meaning. A surah that many of us neglect…we don’t pay heed to. Many of us do not implement it. A surah that is of such importance that at-tabarani narrates that….whenever 2 of the companions of the Prophet [SAW] met, they would not part, they would not leave each other’s company until one had recited this surah to the other. This surah was of such importance that Imam As-Shafiee mentioned that…..’If all the people reflected over this surah…it would have been sufficient for them.’

103:1

Wal Asr’……By time…..Allah is swearing by time. Know that whenever Allah swears by something, He [SWT] is taking an oath. Allah is showing us that whatever is to follow this oath, whatever comes after this oath, it is of great importance…..of great significance.

103:2

Innal Insaana la fee khusr……Indeed…..Verily….mankind is in loss….mankind is in destruction.

103:3

Ilal la theena aamanu, wa amulusaali haati, wata wa sow bil haqqi, wata wa sow bis sabr. Except those who believe, and do righteous deeds, and recommend one another to the truth, and recommend one another to patience.

My dear brothers in Islam, Imam As-Shafiee says that ‘time is a sword, if you do not cut it then it will cut you.’ If that is the case, then we are being cut by time, we are being butchered by time….we are being slaughtered by time.

Why is this the case? The main reason for us wasting time is because we are being deceived by this dunya…..we are being deceived by this world and its affairs. Uthman bin Affan….the 3rd caliphate of Islam, he mentions that absorption in worldly affairs breeds darkness in the heart, and absorption in the akhira, in the next world enkindles light in the heart.

You notice that when a newborn child is born….when the child comes out of its mother’s womb…when it enters this world……its hands are closed and clinging almost as if the child is showing that it is clinging to this world, to this life, to the worldly pleasures. And you see when a person dies that this is not the case….this person after death has their hands wide, as if to show…..I am leaving this world with nothing, just as I entered with nothing.

102:1

102:2

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (Surah Takathur (1-2).

We need to realise this life is a deception. That when mankind is in this dunya, we have no direction at all…..just seeking the pleasure of this life……….and out of the mercy of Allah….Allah gives mankind Prophet after Prophet……Messenger after Messenger until the Prophet [SAW]. Many nations have followed many Prophets and many nations have followed the Messengesr as they sought Jannah…..and then on their journey they start becoming complacent….self-satisfied……less worried in their following and became deceived by this world. We need to ask ourselves……are we from those being deceived?

For those who may think that they will fulfil their obligations, their responsibilities in the deen of Allah, in Islam…that they will worry about such matters after university or when they become older or after they’ve settled down. Then you should know that Ibn ul Qayyim describes this life very beautifully. He summarised life into 3 stages…..the 1st stage is as a toddler….a child….when your only concern is about play and amusement. Then after some time you become a young adult and you concern yourself with boasting and beautifying yourself. Then in your final stage in life…as a full grown adult you concern yourself with amounting wealth and children. You say InshAllah I will change but do not realise that the next stage in life becomes harder. So waste no more time thinking about what a good Muslim should be. Become one. We need to hold ourselves accountable before we are called to account.

We will be asked on the Day of Judgement about our youth and how we spent it. We seem to revise all day and all night for our exams but what about our real test? Our real exam? When we have time we occupy ourselves with t.v, games…and other mundane activities but do we ever occupy ourselves with these things when we have an exam deadline? We have to ask ourselves these questions. Are we really preparing for our unknown deadline? Know that not a moment….not a blinking of the eye passes except that we are experiencing the blessing of Allah. When we wake up in the morning, we possess our hearing but do we use this to listen to halal things….to the Qur’an? We possess our sight but do we use it to look at the mushaf? We possess our strength but do we use it to pray our salah, to fast, to pray the night prayer? We possess our breath, but do we use every breath to mention the name of Allah? To glorify and praise Allah? We need to ask ourselves who is safeguarding all of this? Is it us who bestow this on ourselves? Or is the Allah, the Most Merciful?…..Then why are we not using these blessing to please Allah, the one who possess everything? Are we not then grateful?

We need to know that this life is a stopping place where we are just collecting provisions. Think of it this way my beloved brothers…..this life…..it holds the seeds…..and the next life…..it holds the plantation grown from these seeds. But what good are these seeds if you do not plant them? What good are the seeds if you just eat them? We need to invest from this life, which is nothing but a day or an afternoon.

You may be thinking…who are those who make the most of their time? What are their characteristics?…. Allah describes them in the Qur’an as ‘Was saabiqoon as saabiqoon’ ….’and those foremost will be foremost’. They are those who are foremost in this deen, in Islam. They are those who proceed others in doing good actions. Those who struggle and strived for the religion of Allah, for the pleasure of Allah, for the Face of Allah [SWT]. They are the ones who will be foremost in Jannah…in Paradise. The people who rush for good deeds, who act NOW…..who don’t give a 2nd thought after about something that will bring them closer to Allah in a halal manner. To them…time that is not spent in expiating sins, extinguishing sins or not spent in seizing opportunities to perform righteous deeds that will bring them closer to Allah is time wasted, time that is useless. They are the type of people who are always itching to come closer to Allah, to remember Allah. These are the characteristics of believer who uses time well…..the characteristics of the people of Jannah.

56:25

Laa yasmaa’una feeha laghwanw wa laa ta’theema

No Laghw…no evil vain talk will they hear in Paradise, or any sinful speech. Why do the people of Jannah not engage in this type of speech? This unnecessary speech? It is because it is not a characteristic of those who use their time well, because it is a characteristic of those of the Hellfire. You can tell where a person is from, where a person belongs…just from their characteristics so avoid the characteristics of those of the Hellfire….beware of unnecessary speech. Before you open your mouth….ask yourself….what is the benefit of what I am going to say? Will I benefit from it? Will my brother benefit from it? Will anyone benefit from it?

Second Khutbah

I love you for the sake of Allah O Brothers…that is why I advise you to fulfil your obligations to Allah. Contemplate on your lifestyle. Recognise your weaknesses. If you are not fulfilling your obligations to Allah, then I advise you, sincerely fom the bottom of my heart, to fulfil them…for Allah has fulfilled his obligations to you and always will. Allah has provided for you, he has given you safety, given you blessings that nobody can ever give or even replace. I advise you to begin with the main things, like praying the obligatory prayers, fasting during ramadhan. Do not keep postponing your responsibilities…thinking that you will just say La ilaha illa Allah on your deathbed, as if we know our decreed time to leave this world. As if we know the unseen….it is true that the shahadah, that la ilaha illa Allah is the key to paradise, but also know that has its ridges, its cuts, its shape and the ridges of the shahadah is its conditions. A door will not open unless you have the right key with the right ridges….when these ridges are made, when these conditions are met…..only then will the door of Paradise be open for you. Allah says,

82:6

‘O Mankind, what has deceived you concerning your Lord, The Generous’. Why does Allah use his Name ‘The Generous’ as opposed to ‘The All-Mighty, The Powerful’? It is because Allah knows we will use the excuse that He is The Most Merciful, The Most Generous, so He shows us that even though He is The Most-Generous, we are still deceiving ourselves.

For those of you who are fulfilling their obligations to Allah, then I advise you to do you recommended acts, to do your sunan, to carry out nawafil. Pray your sunnah prayers, fast Mondays and Thursdays, pray the night prayers. Verily, Allah loves the regular deeds.

O brothers in Islam…Use your time well. Every second, every minute, every hour, every day is either for you or against you. Read Qur’an regularly. Read Qur’an on your way to university, on your way home, when your wake up, before you go to sleep, on your revision breaks, on the bus, on the train, in the library. Do not be afraid to read the Qur’an, but rather be ashamed not to read the Qur’an. Set yourself targets. Try to memorise at least one verse a day InshAllah. Give yourself a specific time if you have to.

Also repent to Allah. The Prophet [SAW] used to repent to Allah more than 70 times in a day….and this was the Prophet of Allah [SAW]…..who was forgiven his past, present and future sins. The Prophet [SAW] said, ‘It is a heavy thing for my heart if I do not seek Allah’s forgiveness 100 times a day.’

The Prophet [SAW] was always attentive in his remembrance and drawing nearer to Allah and if from time to time he forgot to do something he normally does, or it slipped his mind, he felt as if he had wronged himself and begin seeking Allah’s forgiveness. We have to ask ourselves……how many times do we remember Allah? And more importantly, do we feel regret when we don’t?

Make du’aa to Allah that you make the most of your time, that Allah opens the doors of opportunities for gaining more reward and that He closes the doors for gaining sins. Know that the best time to make du’aa is when you are closest to Allah, and that time is when you are in sujood, in prostration, so invoke Allah much in prostration….just like those from as-saabiqoon. In order for you to be of the saabiqoon, the foremost, it is best to be with as-saabiqoon. Have a companion to compete with.

Just like when Abu Bakr and Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) used to compete. When the Prophet (sallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) called the people to give their wealth for the sake of Allah. That day when Umar was determined to finally beat Abu Bakr, and he brought half of his wealth, and was sure that Abu Bakr will not beat him. Abu Bakr later came and gave a small amount, and the Prophet (sallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) asked Abu Bakr how much he gave and he replied all my wealth. And the Prophet (sallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) asked what he left for his family and Abu Bakr replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger.’  These are the companions we need, those who desire paradise…working for it…racing against time. They are those who rush to obey Allah in this life and are foremost in performing acts of righteousness, they will be among the foremost believers honoured in the Hereafter.

57:21

‘Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord, and towards Paradise the width whereof [that] is as the width of the heaven and the earth prepared for those who believe in Allah and His Messengers. That is the bounty of Allah which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty.’- [Surah Hadeed; 21]

They are not those who you find in shisha cafes or down trocodero or oxford street window shopping. Know that the greatest of losses is for you to be preoccupied with one who brings you nothing but a loss in your time with Allah and being cut off from Allah…..wasting your time with that person….it is a weakening of the heart and energy. So, save your heart, be wary of how you spend your days and your nights. Find people who are concerned with their time and those who worship Allah and not their desires…..those in university, in your local masjid, in your area, at work.

Being with such people will help you gain opportunities for much reward and help you stay away from sins, especially those that lead to habits. These habits can destroy a person. Also beware of over-indulging in mundane acts.

Know that the main solution to making the most of time and from being deceived by the worldly affairs is athkaar, is supplications.

SubhanAllah, Alhamdulillah, AllahuAkbar, Astaghfirullah. Read supplications for entering your house, leaving your house, entering the toilet, leaving the toilet, when waking up, before going to sleep, before changing clothes. Try it for one week and InshAllah you will see a difference, you will gain blessing in your time. Glorify Allah much for whoever says SubhanAllahi waBihamdihi [glorified is Allah and praised is He] 100 times a day, will have his sins forgiven even if they are like the foam of the sea.

The Prophet [SAW] mentioned that ‘two words are light on the tongue, weigh heavily on the scales, and are loved by Ar-Rahman; SubhanAllahi waBihamdhi, SubhanAllah-hil Adheem.

I just want to end with a statement of Hasan Al-Basree who mentions that ‘one of the signs of Allah’s abandoning a servant….a slave…..is Allah making him preoccupied with what does not concern him’….with things that are not of benefit. So one of the ways you can see your relationship with Allah is your use of time. We have to ask ourselves…..are we really those who make the most of our time?

The Prophet’s (Pbuh) Farewell Sermon خطبة الوداع

On the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah — that is the Day of Tarwiyah, he left for Mina where he performed the noon, the afternoon, the sunset, the evening and the dawn prayers. — i.e. five prayers. Then he stayed for a while till the sun rose up then he passed along till he reached ‘Arafah, where there was a tent built for him at Namirah. He sat inside till the sun went down. He ordered that Al-Qaswa’, his she-camel, should be prepared for him. They saddled it and had it ready, so he went down the valley where a hundred and twenty-four or forty-four thousand people were gathering round him.

There he stood up and delivered the following speech:

“O people! Listen to what I say. I do not know whether I will ever meet you at this place once again after this current year. It is unlawful for you to shed the blood of one another or take (unlawfully) the fortunes of one another. They are as unlawful, (Haram) as shedding blood on such a day as today and in such a month as this Haram month and in such a sanctified city as this sacred city (i.e. Makkah and the surrounding areas).”

“Behold! All practices of paganism and ignorance are now under my feet. The blood revenge of the Days of Ignorance (pre-Islamic time) are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabi‘a bin Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Sa‘d and whom Hudhail killed. Usury is forbidden, and I make a beginning by remitting the amount of interest which ‘Abbas bin ‘Abdul Muttalib has to receive. Verily, it is remitted entirely.”

“O people! Fear Allâh concerning women. Verily you have taken them on the security of Allâh and have made their persons lawful unto you by Words of Allâh! It is incumbent upon them to honour their conjugal rights and, not to commit acts of impropriety which, if they do, you have authority to chastise them, yet not severely. If your wives refrain from impropriety and are faithful to you, clothe and feed them suitably.”

“Verily, I have left amongst you the Book of Allâh and the Sunnah (Traditions) of His Messenger which if you hold fast, you shall never go astray.”

“O people, I am not succeeded by a Prophet and you are not succeeded by any nation. So I recommend you to worship your Lord, to pray the five prayers, to fast Ramadan and to offer the Zakat (poor-due) of your provision willingly. I recommend you to do the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of your Lord and to obey those who are in charge of you then you will be awarded to enter the Paradise of your Lord.”

“And if you were asked about me, what wanted you to say?”

They replied: “We bear witness that you have conveyed the message and discharged your ministry.”

He then raised his forefinger skywards and then moved it down towards people while saying: “O Allâh, Bear witness.”
He said that phrase thrice.

The one who repeated the Prophet’s [pbuh] statements loudly at ‘Arafat was Rabi‘a
bin Omaiyah bin Khalaf.

As soon as the Prophet [pbuh] had accomplished delivering the speech, the following
Qur’ânic verse was revealed to him:

“This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon
you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [Al-Qur’an 5:3]

Upon hearing this verse ‘Umar cried. “What makes you cry?” He was asked. His
answer was: “Nothing succeeds perfection but imperfection.”

Shahqah – What does it mean?

Bismillah.

When one recites the Qur’an the heart needs to be fully attentive to what one is reciting. Ibn al Qayyim briefly mentions an important aspect of reading/listening to the Qur’an in his beneficial work: al Fawaa’id p.198 (ibn al Jawzi)

Ash-Shahqah[1]

Shahqah which occurs when listening to the Qur’an or other than it has many causes:

1. One could come across a verse that mentions a level that he has not attained and so as a result he finds peace and rest when reflecting over it, which then leads to shahqah. This is the shahqah of shawq (yearning).

2. One could come across a sin that he committed which results in shahqah out of fear and grief over one’s state. This is the shahqah of khasyah (fear).

3. One could come across a deficiency that one is not able to repel which results in a shahqah of huzn (grief.)

4. One could come across a description of the perfection of his beloved (Allah [swt]) and then sees the path to him blocked. This leads to the shahqah of asaf (sorrow) and grief.

5. It could be that his beloved has disappeared from his sight and he had busied himself with other than his beloved. Listening (to the Qur’an) then reminds him of his beloved and His beauty then becomes apparent to him. He then sees the doors opened for him and the path to him clear. This leads to the shahqah of farah (joy) and suroor (delight).
[End]

[1] A soft cry, a gasping inhaling, sighing.